International Transport Corridor No.2
Map ITC No. 2 The main direction of International Transport Corridor (ITC) No. 2: Berlin – Warsaw – Minsk – Moscow – Nizhny Novgorod.
State Participants in ITC No. 2: Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany.
ITC No. 2 was built in order to coordinate the development of transport infrastructure in Europe. In January 1995, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the countries along the corridor, as well as by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), to coordinate the activities of the countries interested in the corridor's development.
At the 3rd International Conference on Transport, which was held on 11-12 September 2003 in Yekaterinburg, the transport ministers of the countries involved appealed to the European Commission for an extension of the corridor to Yekaterinburg. This measure will give ITC No. 2 access to the Trans-Siberian Main Line, which will create an overland route to ensure links between Europe and the Asia-Pacific region and offer a competitive alternative to maritime transport.
On 9 October 2003, Russian Railways and Deutsche Bahn AG signed a Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation in Yekaterinburg stating that the two parties will carry out a number of joint measures to improve the competitiveness of rail transport in order to increase the volume of passenger and freight traffic.
An increase in freight volumes between Russia and Germany is currently being hindered at the borders of four different countries by the different systems of transport law and the complexity of customs and border procedures, as well as by the different gauges in use, namely the 1520 mm broad gauge system in Russia and the 1435 mm narrow gauge width used in Europe. Speeding up border procedures and reducing the time trains spent en route, as well as addressing other organisational problems, will reduce freight delivery times and increase the flow of goods between the two countries.
Through (intermodal) transport along ITC No. 2 can also be organised within the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation.